重庆欢乐生肖走势图 www.jakn.com.cn Percy Bysshe Shelley
Percy Bysshe Shelley(1792-1827),English Romantic poet who rebelled against English politics and conservative values.Shelley drew no essential distinction between poetry and politics,and his work reflected the radical ideas and revolutionary optimism of the era.
Percy Bysshe Shelley was born on August4,1792,at Field Place,near Horsham in Sussex,into an aristocratic family.His father,Timothy Shelley, was a Sussex squire and a Member of Parliament.Shelley attended Syon House Academy and Eton and in1810he entered the Oxford University College.
In1811Shelley was expelled from the college for publishing The Necessity of Atheism,which he wrote with Thomas Jefferson Hogg.Shelley's father withdrew his inheritance in favor of a small annuity,after he eloped with the16-year old Harriet Westbrook,the daughter of a London tavern owner. The pair spent the following two years traveling in England and Ireland, distributing pamphlets and speaking against political injustice.In1813Shelley published his first important poem,the atheistic Queen Mab.
The poet's marriage to Harriet was a failure.In1814Shelley traveled abroad with Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin,the daughter of the philosopher and anarchist William Godwin(1756-1836).Mary's young stepsister Claire Claremont was also in the company.During this journey Shelley wrote an unfinished novella,The Assassins(1814).Their combined journal,Six Weeks' Tour,reworked by Mary Shelley,appeared in1817.After their return to London,Shelley came into an annual income under his grandfather's will. Harriet drowned herself in the Serpentine in1816.Shelley married Mary Wollstonecraft and his favorite son William was born in1816.
Shelley spent the summer of1816with Lord Byron at Lake Geneva, where Byron had an affair with Claire.Shelley composed the"Hymn To Intellectual Beauty"and"Mont Blanc".In1817Shelley published The Revolt Of Islam and the much anthologized"Ozymandias"appeared in1818.Among Shelley's popular poems are the Odes"To the West Wind"and"To a Skylark" and Adonis,an elegy for Keats.
In1818the Shelleys moved to Italy,where Byron was residing.In1819 they went to Rome and in1820to Pisa.Shelley's works from this period include Julian And Maddalo,an exploration of his relations with Byron and